|Date of publication of the original valid Standard: 06. 03.
House and Companion Dog
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid
breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other
Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type. Without
historical summary: Around the turn of the century a dwarf Schnauzer from the Frankfurt/Main
area went on his way, then still described as a rough
haired Zwergpinscher (Miniature Pinscher). Due to the
different shapes, sizes and types and the muddle of
harsh, soft and silky coat textures, it was no easy task
to evolve a small dog with the appearance and the
characteristic qualities of his bigger brother, the
Appearance: Small, strong, stocky rather than slim, rough coated, elegant. A reduced
image of the Schnauzer without the drawback of a dwarfed
- Square build in which the height at
the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to
the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the
topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the
in which the height at the withers is nearly equal to
the body length
Behaviour/Temperament: His nature is similar to that of the Schnauzer and is determined by the
temperament and the behaviour of a small dog.
Intelligence, fearlessness, endurance and alertness make
the Miniature Schnauzer an agreeable house dog as well
as a watch
and companion dog which can be kept even in a small
appartment without problems.
Points of the Dog as shown on the
01 - Nase
02 - Muzzle; foreface
03 - Stop
04 - Eye
05 - Skull; forehead
06 - Cheek
07 - Ear
08 - Occiput
09 - Throat
10 - Neck
11 - Shoulder
12 - Point of Shoulder
13 - Upper arm
14 - Forearm
15 - Knee
16 - Front pastern
17 - Foot; paw
18 - Elbow
19 - Ribs
20 - Brisket
21 - Abdomen; belly
22 - Flank
23 - Coupling
24 - Withers
25 - Back
26 - Loin
27 - Croup; rump
28 - Tail; stern
29 - Point of buttock
30 - Thigh
31 - Stifle
32 - Gaskin; second thigh
33 - Hock
34 - Back pastern
35 - Tuck-up
LENGTH of the Schnauzer is measured
from the point of shoulder (12) to the point of buttock
HEIGHT of the Schnauzer is measured from the withers
(24) to ground
LENGHT should approximate HEIGHT of the Schnauzer
FOREQUARTERS consist of the area beginning at the
withers (24) and include 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 und 17
HINDQUARTERS consist of the area beginning at the croup
(27) and include 30, 32, 33, 34 und 17
BACKLINE includes the withers, back, loin and croup
Skull : Strong, long without
markedly protruding occiput. The head should be in keeping
with the dog's force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkles
and parallel to the bridge of nose.
Appears well defined due to the brows
Nose : Well developed nose leather, always black.
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips : Black,
smoot and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips
Strong upper and lower jaw.
The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth
according to the dentition formula), is strongly developed and
firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but
the cheeks must not interfere with the reactangular shape of
the head (with the beard).
sized, oval, facing foreward, dark with lively expression.
Eyelids close fitting.
Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to
the cheeks, evenly carried , turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
The strong, muscular neck is nobly
arched, blending smoothly into the withers.
set on, slim, nobly curved, corresponding to the dog's
force. Throat skin tight-fitting
Topline : Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.
Forming the highest point in topline.
short and taut.
Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the
hip is short to make the dog appear compact.
Slightly rounded and imperceptibly blending into tail set on.
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows.
The forechest is
distinctly marked by
the point of the sternum.
and belly : Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved
line with the underside of the ribcage.
Natural; a sabre or sickle
carriage is sought after.
Seen from the front, the front legs
are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the
side, the forearms are straight.
The shoulder blade lies close
against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides
of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the
thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back,
forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.
Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an
angle of 95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.
Elbows: Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Viewed from all sides, completely straight, strongly developed
and well muscled.
Strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the
Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side slightly
sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.
: Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat foot) with
short dark nails and resistant pads.
Standing obliquely when seen from
the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen
from the rear.
Upper thigh :
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.
:Turning neither in nor out.
Lower thigh :
Long, strong and sinewy, running into a strong hock.
Hock : Very
well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.
Short, vertical to the ground.
feet : Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.
Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The forelegs swinging
as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and
springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one
side and the hind leg of the other side move forward at the
same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
Tight fitting over the whole body
The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense
undercoat and a
not too short top coat, lying close to the body. The top coat
is rough and sufficiently long to allow
the checking of its texture; it is neither bristly nor
wavy. The hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short
on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too
soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly
shade the eyes.
· Pure black with black undercoat
· Pepper and Salt
white with white undercoat
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the
aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well
pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat. The shades
from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all
colour variations there must be a dark mask, which should
adapt harmoniously to the respective colour.
Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are
the Black/Silver colour, the aim in breeding is a black top
coat with black undercoat, white markings over the eyes, on
the cheeks, at the beard, at the throat, in two divided
triangles at the front of the chest, on the front pasterns, on
the feet, on the inside of the hind legs and around the anus.
The forehead, the neck and the outer sides of the ears should
be black like the top coat.
Dogs and bitches approximately 4 to 8 kg
Height at withers
Dogs and bitches between 30 and 35 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should
be in exact proportion to its degree.
· Heavy or round skull.
· Wrinkles on forehead.
· Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
· Pincer bite.
· Strongly protruding cheeks or
· Light, too large or round eyes.
· Low set, too long or unevenly
· Dewlap, narrow crest or neck.
· Too long, tucked up or soft back.
· Roach back.
· Croup falling away.
· Tail set inclined towards head.
· Long feet.
· Pacing movement.
· Too short, too long, soft, wavy,
shaggy, silky coat.
· Brown undercoat.
· pepper-salt colour: A black trace on the back or a
· In Black/Silver not clearly
separated triangles on the chest.
or undersize up to 1 cm.
· Clumsy or light build. Too low or
too high on leg.
· Inverse sexual type (e.g. doggy
· Elbows turning out.
· Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
· Lower thigh too long.
· Hocks turning inwards.
· Rear pastern too short.
· White or spotted coat in black or
pepper and salt dogs.
· Patchy coat in the colours
black/silver and white.
or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.
· Shy, aggressive, vicious,
exaggeratedly suspicious or nervous behaviour.
· Malformation of any kind.
· Lack of breed type.
· Faulty mouth, such as over- or
undershot or wry mouth.
· Severe faults in individual parts,
such as faults in construction, coat and colour.
or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.